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Chow Chow

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Chow Chow Breed Standard Last updated: 05 Aug 2009
A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament, and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

Pre 1987 Kennel Club, London

  • Group:
    Group 7 (Non Sporting)
  • History:
  • General Appearance:

    An active, compact, short-coupled and well balanced dog, well knit in frame, with tail carried well over the back.

  • Characteristics:

    A well balanced dog, leonine in appearance, with proud dignified bearing; loyal yet aloof; unique in its stilted gait and bluish-black tongue. (See also under Ears and Hindquarters.)

  • Temperament:

    With proud dignified bearing; loyal yet aloof.

  • Head And Skull:

    Skull flat and broad, with little stop, well filled out under the eyes. Muzzle moderate in length, broad from the eyes to the point (not pointed at the end like a fox). Nose black, large and wide in all cases (with the exception of cream and white in which case a light-coloured nose is permissible and in blues and fawns a self-coloured nose); but in all colours a black nose is preferable.

  • Eyes:

    Dark and small, preferably almond-shaped (in blue or fawn dog a light colour is permissible).

  • Ears:

    Small, thick, slightly rounded at the tip, carried stiffly erect but placed well forward over the eyes and wide apart, which gives the dog the peculiar characteristic expression of the breed, viz., a scowl.

  • Mouth:

    Teeth strong and level, giving scissor bite. Tongue bluish black. Flews and roof of mouth black. Gums preferably black.

  • Neck:

    Strong, full, set well on the shoulders and slightly arched.

  • Forequarters:

    Shoulders muscular and sloping. Forelegs perfectly straight, of moderate length, with good bone.

  • Body:

    Chest broad and deep. Back short, straight and strong. Loins powerful.

  • Hindquarters:

    Hindlegs muscular and hocks well let down and perfectly straight which are essential in order to produce the Chow's characteristic gait.

  • Feet:

    Small, round and catlike, standing well on the toes.

  • Tail:

    Set high and carried well over the back.

  • Gait/Movement:

    Unique stilted gait.

  • Coat:

    Abundant, dense, straight and stand-off. Outer coat rather coarse in texture and with a soft woolly undercoat. The Chow Chow is a profusely coated dog and balance should therefore be assessed when the coat is at its natural length.

  • Colour:

    Whole coloured black, red, blue, fawn, cream or white, frequently shaded but not patches or parti-coloured (the underpart of tail and back of thighs frequently of a light colour).

  • Sizes:

    Minimum height for Chows to be 46 cms (18 ins) but in every case balance should be the outstanding feature and height left to the discretion of the judges.

  • Faults:

    Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

    Drop ears.

    Tongue splashed or patchy.

    Off black noses except in the colours specified, viz., creams, whites, blues or fawns.

    Tail not carried over the back.

    Any artificial shortening of the coat which alters the natural outline or expression of the dog should be penalised.


  • Notes:

    Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

    The Standard of the smooth variety is identical with the above except that the coat is smooth.

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